IPY Back to the Future (BTF): Re-sampling old research sites to assess change in high latitude terrestrial ecosystem structure and function. U.S. International Biological Program, Washington DC Tundra Biome Data Report 73-22. Tundra vegetation change near Barrow, Alaska (1972-2010). Nome’s precipitation levels hit 18.4 inches. The name was first recorded, by colonizers, in 1853 as "Ot-ki-a-wing" by Commander Rochfort Maguire, Royal Navy. An Arctic ecosystem: the coastal tundra at Barrow, Alaska. Datum is WGS84. doi:10.5065/D6XS5SD1. In Barrow, the summers are very cold; the winters are long, frigid, dry, and windy; and it is overcast year round. Has the relevé been sampled more than once? Original data from 1972 were classified and community descriptions were published as a report (Webber & Ebert 1973) and as a component of IBP books (Brown et al. ISBN: 978-9935-431-29-5. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. There is also a companion file with plot photos, often these photos document multiple sampling events. 1980. highest (1), high (2), high but incomplete (3), moderate (4), moderate and incomplete (5), low (6). Aspect of relevé (degrees). These data columns and descriptions are identical to the header data in the Turboveg database. Mean height of the canopy within the stand (cm). The tundra at Barrow is considered coastal tundra located in the most northern region of North Slope and is characterized by various microtopographic features such as polygons, as well as many ponds and lakes. Data for functional type percent covers for 2010 only. The AVA-AK is a regional database that is part of the larger Arctic Vegetation Archive (Walker 2016a, Walker et al. Station Data. Monthly averages Barrow Longitude: -156.789, Latitude: 71.2906 Average weather Barrow, AK - 99723. The U. S. Tundra Biome Program focused on long-term studies to understand tundra adaptations as they relate to the distribution of vascular plants, bryophytes and lichens to environmental factors in the light of future oil development on the coastal plain. The second file, also in .csv format, provides net primary productivity (NPP) estimates for different plant growth forms for eight … Temporal Resolution: Each plot was sampled once in 1972, 1999, 2008, and 2010. Author's plot number or code if it differs from the reference for the species table. The Pre-ABoVE vegetation plot datasets were curated to create the Alaska Arctic Vegetation Archive (AVA-AK; Walker et al. 2018-12-31, Data Set Version: A gateway to the Arctic ocean, the history in this part of the world dates back to 500 AD … As part of the International Biological Program’s (IBP) Tundra Biome project at Barrow, Alaska, the microclimatic regimes of that region are being investi- gated. Spatial Resolution: Point resolution. Relevé location as indicated by the author. natural vegetation (NAT) or anthropologically disturbed (DIS). 1978. The IBP study area was active between 1970 and 1973, and focused on a study area near Barrow, Alaska at the northernmost point on the Alaskan Coastal Plain (71°18'N 156°40'W) in close proximity to both the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas. These trends are probably caused by a combination of increases in spring and summer NPP [Keeling et al., 1996; Randerson et al., 1999], increasing rates of soil respiration during fall, winter and spring [Chapin et al., For example, Nome city in Alaska occurs in a tundra biome. 1. Methods for quantifying pH vary. The city's native name, Utqiaġvik, refers to a place for gathering wild roots. NSF Arctic Data Center. The North Slope of Alaska (NSA) atmospheric observatory is providing data about cloud and radiative processes at high latitudes. Mean height of herb layer including graminoids, forbs and dwarf shrubs (cm). Note that functional type percent covers for 2010 were calculated from species cover data by Sandra Villarreal (2012). Over thousands of years, the remains of plants (and animals) that never fully decomposed have become part of the frozen soil in Alaska, Canada, northern Europe, and Russia. Monthly: 1981-2010 normals History: 2007-2019 Direct link to the plot archive record in the Arctic Geoecological Atlas: http://agc.portal.gina.alaska.edu/catalogs/10178-alaska-arctic-vegetation-archive-barrow-vegeta. T. V., C. E. Tweedie, J. Ackerman, C. Andrews, J. Bergstedt, et al. Seedless vascular plant (ferns, horsetails, club mosses) cover (%). These data are available through the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Distributed Active 7) Mesic Carex aquatilis-Poa arctica meadow (12 plots). On the flip side, the northerly U.S. city called Point Barrow, experiences annual precipitation levels of 4.3 inches. In the early 1950s investigations by the U.S. Geological Survey (Brewer 1958) demonstrated the influence of lakes, ocean and buildings on near-surface permafrost temperature regimes and illustrated the characteristic zero curtain during the annual freeze-thaw cycles of 1951 and 1952. 3. square (S), rectangle (R), linear/band-forming (L), circular (O), irregular (I), more subplots combined (C), unknown (not-recorded) (N). 1) is situated near Barrow, Alaska (71018'N, 156042'W). See companion file Barrow_Tundra_Veg_Plots_Photographs.pdf. Forty-three (43) plots were assessed for estimated percent land cover by species and plot data including moisture, topographic position, slope, aspect, shape, and soil data. The Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE) iis a NASA Terrestrial Ecology Program field campaign that will take place in Alaska and western Canada between 2016 and 2021. From the dense moss carpeted rainforests of southeast Alaska, to the wide-open expanses of the tundra on the North Slope these ecosystems and provide habitat for a variety of fish and wildlife species. - point barrow ak biome -

Data set. [5] All 200 residents were Inuit. Positive longitudes are east of Prime Meridian, negative longitudes are west of the Prime Meridian. (2012) for individual sub-plots. Precipitation in tundra biome cannot exceed 10 inches per year, but there are notable exceptions. R.F. Temporal Coverage: 1972-08-01 2010-08-01. The 10-cm strip is used for cover assessment and the 90-cm sub-plot for species presence. McKendrick, J. D., V. Ott and G. A. Mitchell. Tweedie. The Barrow vegetation plots were originally described and mapped by Dr. Patrick J. Webber in 1972 as part of the International Biological Program (IBP). Percent cover were only calculated for 2010. The water around it is normally ice-free for two or three months a year, but this was not the experience of the early explorers. The traditional name was voted back in 2016 to support the preservation of the Inupiaq language. For example, Nome city in Alaska occurs in a tundra biome. Point Barrow or Nuvuk is a headland on the Arctic coast in the U.S. state of Alaska, 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Utqiaġvik (formerly Barrow). McKendrick, J. D., V. Ott and G. A. Mitchell. 9) Wet Carex aquatilis-Eriophorum russeolum meadow (8 plots). Temperature for the warmest months in the arctic tundra ranges from 3-12° C (37- 57° F). 1980, Webber 1978, Webber et al. Accuracy of georeference as recorded by GPS (m). The Iñupiat do not hunt gray whales and joined in rescue operations which also involved Soviet icebreakers.[3]. An Arctic ecosystem: the coastal tundra at Barrow, Alaska. Webber, P. J. and D. C. Ebert. Field estimate of texture at the top of the mineral horizon. ANPP, BNPP, and TNPP values reported in ORNL data sets. A region of tundra > 200,000 km2 in area, the arctic slope of Alaska has continuous permafrost, snow cover for 7-9 mo each year, and low relief (Britton 1966). The savanna biome is basically grassland with very few trees. Alaska Arctic Vegetation Archive Workshop, Boulder, Colorado, October 14-16, 2013. 2012) and as part of a synthesis of the larger IPY Back to the Future project (Callaghan et al. *_Repeat_Plots_YYYY, report data for the 33 plots sampled on all 4 events on the respective year. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. There are ten data files in comma-separated format (.csv) with this data set. Figure 1. Point Barrow or Nuvuk is a headland on the Arctic coast in the U.S. state of Alaska, 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Utqiaġvik (formerly Barrow). vicinity of Barrow by Mather and Thornthwaite (1956), Weaver (1965), Kelley and Weaver (1969) and others. nasa-ornldaac-580 NPP Tundra: Point Barrow, Alaska, 1970-1972, R1. Relevé number in the species table in the reference for species data. Sampling of soils for laboratory analyses of pH. Floristic diversity near Barrow (ca. The mean average temperature vary according to location, with temperatures of -12° C (10° F) in Point Barrow, Alaska located at (71.3 ° N) to -28° C (-18° F) at the Northern region of Greenland (71° N). Each plot was a minimum of 10 m2. Companion file with plot photos, often for multiple sampling events. Tweedie, C. E.2013. New York: Springer Verlag, Chap. Will specify the source of the name in the previous field. GPS (GPS), Google Earth (GE), map (MAP), aerial photograph (PHOTO), None (NONE). The Borough works with the tribes, cities, corporations, schools, and businesses to support a strong culture, encourage families and employees to choose a healthy lifestyle, and sustain a vibrant economy. Webber, P. J. Group of Inuits of America's Arctic coastline who came to visit the camp of the Canadian explorer Vilhjalmur Stefanson, near Point Barrow. Beechey could not reach it by ship and had to send a ship's boat ahead. For United States, the code is US. The Vegetation Pattern and Succession. A climate graph showing rainfall, temperatures and normals. The "Shooting Station" is located a few miles southwest of Point Barrow. Even during the winter, some ice would be grounded in shallow waters near the shore, but farther out, long breaks would develop in the floating ice as winds and ocean currents push and pull at it. It is derived from the Iñupiat word utqiq, also used for "potato". Puffins belong to the Alcid family, a group of diving birds that swim underwater using their wings for propulsion and their feet for steering. The method consists of recording the composition of vegetation in plots each of which is a linear, contiguous arrangement of ten 1 x 1m quadrats placed in a visually homogeneous patch. The Barrow IBP vegetation plot data have been extensively analyzed, updated, and published. The database contains vegetation plots from homogeneous plant communities with tables of cover or cover-abundance scores for all species and accompanying environmental site data. Rowing boat off Point Barrow, on the Arctic coast of Alaska, USA, circa 1965. 1) Taking photographs of the general site. Climate data in this data set are from the weather station at Barrow, Alaska (71.30 N 156.78 W) at an elevation of 31 m. The study plots for biomass measurements in 1970-1971 were 6 m x 6 m in size. Barrow_Tundra_IBP_Species_Data_Repeat_Plots_1972.csv, Barrow_Tundra_IBP_Species_Data_Single_Plots_1972.csv, Barrow_Tundra_IBP_Species_Data_Repeat_Plots_1999.csv, Barrow_Tundra_IBP_Species_Data_Repeat_Plots_2008.csv, Barrow_Tundra_IBP_Species_Data_Repeat_Plots_2010.csv. Major cities in the tundra of Alaska include: -Nome -Point Hope -Barrow -Kaktovik Major landmarks in the tundra of Alaska include: -Wood Tikchik is the largest State Park -Mount McKinley -Soldier's Summit 3) Field observations of site factors including slope, aspect, and estimates of cover of bare soil, rocks, and the major plant growth forms. 1980). The Borough works with the tribes, cities, corporations, schools, and businesses to support a strong culture, encourage families and employees to choose a healthy lifestyle, and sustain a vibrant economy. Even before the climate changes of the past decade, sea ice near Barrow has rarely been a solid, unbroken sheet stretching to the limitless horizon. Column headings include the plot identifiers. In 1826 John Franklin tried to reach it from the east and was blocked by ice. 1972. Contact for Data Center Access Information: Brown, J., K.R. Project: Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE). MacLean, Jr., and D.F. Latitude (decimal degrees). Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Callaghan. Documentation Revision Date: It is the northernmost point of all the territory of the United States, at 71°23′20″N 156°28′45″W / 71.38889°N 156.47917°W / 71.38889; -156.47917 (Point Barrow)Coordinates: 71°23′20″N 156°28′45″W / 71.38889°N 156.47917°W / 71.38889; -156.47917 (Point Barrow), 1,122 nautical miles (1,291 mi; 2,078 km) south of the North Pole. 1973. 2012, Villarreal et al. (Y or N). Two of the major Landmarks in the tundra biome are in Alaska, The first is Million Dollar Bridge, it was built in the early 1900's, it's also called The Miles Glacier Bridge, and got its name from the cost to build it which was 1.4 million dollars. Forty-three (43) plots were assessed for estimated percent land cover by species and plot data including moisture, topographic position, slope, aspect, shape, and soil data. Scientists say the Arctic is warming twice as fast as the rest of the planet, and former North Slope Borough Mayor Edward Itta has called Utqiagvik “ground zero for climate-change science.” inland from Barrow at 71 ’ 18’ N., 156’41’ W., and is characterized … Ground-based research and models suggest that release of this carbon as permafrost thaws is going to accelerate global …