Wilhelm Keitel was born near Bad Gandersheim in what is today the state of Lower Saxony, Germany, on September 22, 1882. I follow now my sons – all for Germany. We all now the "famous" German officers during World War 2 like Wilhelm Keitel, … Wilhelm Keitel was one of Adolf Hitler’s leading generals in World War Two. [34] The orders went beyond established codes of conduct for the military and broadly allowed the execution of Jews, civilians and non-combatants for any reason. Adolf Hitler's 'last bodyguard' reveals what happened in Nazi leader’s final minutes in the Berlin bunker. [47][48] Keitel was executed by American Army Sergeant John C. He joined the German Army and in 1902 became a second lieutenant in the 46th Field Artillery. Adolf Hitler’s inner circle were the most powerful men in the Third Reich. The committee members were Keitel, (Chief of OKW) Hans Lammers (Chief of the Reich Chancellery) and Martin Bormann (Chief of the Party Chancellery). Rochus Misch, who died aged 96 in 2013, says he walked in on Eva Braun in 'flimsy nighty' [29], Keitel played an important role after the failed 20 July plot in 1944. Woods. But he said to Hitler about Keitel (who was his son-in-law’s father) that "he's just the man who runs my office". Sie finden Rezensionen und Details zu einer vielseitigen Blu-ray- und DVD-Auswahl – … In Keitel’s case the trap door, which was too small for his large frame and hindered his falling freely, opened “with a loud bang” and apparently smacked him in the face as he went down, doing extensive damage. Die Fortsetzung zur Reihe um "Hitlers Helfer" vom erfolgreichsten deutschen Sachbuchautor des Jahres 1998. On 7 May 1945, Alfred Jodl, on behalf of Dönitz, signed Germany's unconditional surrender on all fronts. Braun bit into a cyanide capsule and Hitler shot himself. In September 1914 Keitel was seriously wounded by a shell splinter. Wilhelm Keitel enters the room after being escorted by Heinz Linge. Wie schon bei „Hitlers Helfer“ muss man das Buch als groben Einblick verstehen, um sich einmal ein oberflächliches Bild über die führenden Generäle des Zweiten Weltkriegs zu machen. 2019-03-16 00:13:20. The army lost control over the matter when the SS assumed command of all Jewish forced labour in July 1942. However, it had little autonomy, with Hitler reserving most final decisions to himself. In the autumn of 1932, he suffered a heart attack and double pneumonia. In that capacity, Keitel signed a number of criminal orders and directives that led to a war of unprecedented brutality and criminality. Ever the yes-man, Keitel publicly supported Hitler, even when, as with the invasions of France and the Soviet Union, he housed private reservations. (1.85 m) tall, later described as a solidly built and square-jawed Prussian. Die meisten hochrangigen Offiziere, Genres … 22 September 1939 Adolf Hitler on a balcony crowded with military officers where several pairs of Scherenfernrohr are set up to view the siege of Warsaw. The committee, soon known as the Dreierausschuß (Committee of Three), met eleven times between January and August 1943. Keitel was reviled among his military colleagues as Hitler's habitual "yes-man". Sein Bruder Carl August Canaris (1881–1934) wurde Manager in der Stahlindustrie.. Er wuchs zunächst in Aplerbeck auf. 112–137. He then received Communion and was executed later that day. In addition, he signed a series of criminal orders. Wilhelm Keitel was tried at the Allied court at Nuremberg, sentenced to death, and hanged as a war criminal. During World War I, Keitel served on the western front as a battery commander and then staff officer. It was Keitel whom Dönitz authorized to sign a document of surrender to Soviet forces in Berlin, following General Alfred Jodl's signing of unconditional surrender documents for all German forces on May 7. [41], In the spring and summer of 1942, as the deportations of the Jews to extermination camps progressed, the military initially protested when it came to the Jews that laboured for the benefit of the Wehrmacht. On May 13, 1945, Keitel was arrested with the rest of the Flensburg Cabinet. **Abonnieren kostet nix ***Dokureihe aus dem Jahre1998 von Guido Knopp. At the same time, Keitel increased pressure on Otto von Stülpnagel, the military commander in France, for a more ruthless reprisal policy in the country. In this context, the guideline stated that execution of 50 to 100 "Communists" was an appropriate response to a loss of a German soldier. View the list of all donors. [30], In April and May 1945, during the Battle of Berlin, Keitel called for counterattacks to drive back the Soviet forces and relieve Berlin. He was hanged on October 16, 1946. There, Keitel signed the German surrender to the Soviet Union. Wilhelm Bodewin Gustav Keitel [IPA:Vɪlhɛlm kaɪtɐl] (22 September 1882 – 16 October 1946) was a German Field Marshal and Adolf Hitler's chief of the Armed Forces' Supreme Command during WWII. [39] Signed by Keitel,[40] the decree made it possible for foreign nationals to be transferred to Germany for trial by special courts, or simply handed to the Gestapo for deportation to concentration camps. [13] As a result of his appointment, Keitel assumed the responsibilities of Germany's War Minister. [3], Soon after his promotion, Keitel convinced Hitler to appoint Walther von Brauchitsch as Commander-in-Chief of the Army, replacing von Fritsch. Most of the case against him was based on his signature being present on dozens of orders that called for soldiers and political prisoners to be killed or 'disappeared'. Generalfeldmarschall Wilhelm Keitel, Chef des Oberkommandos der Wehrmacht (OKW), wurde in Nürnberg angeklagt und verurteilt. The first study by Thomas detailed serious problems with fuelling and rubber supplies. Our job is to suppress a way of life. His sycophancy was well known in the army, and he acquired the nickname 'Lakeitel', a pun derived from Lakai ("lackey") and his surname. Each episode is about a different character from Hitler`s Germany. [16], Field Marshal Ewald von Kleist labelled Keitel nothing more than a "stupid follower of Hitler" because of his servile "yes man" attitude with regard to Hitler. Hitlers Krieger: Keitel - Der Gehilfe. [39] In October 1942, Keitel signed the Commando Order that authorized the killing of enemy special operations troops even when captured in uniform. The Allies tried Keitel along with other senior Nazis before the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. Hitlers Krieger Season 1 (4) 1998 12 Ich glaubte, ich irrte - das späte Reueeingeständnis des Nazi-Feldmarschalls Keitel vor dem Nürnberger Kriegsverbrechertribunal angesichts der Gräueltaten des deutschen Militärs bildet eine absolute Ausnahme. Commanders in the field interpreted and carried out the orders. Liste der wichtigsten Komplizen Hitlers Die Liste ist auf 28 Personen beschränkt und natürlich beliebig erweiterbar. Following World War I, the terms of the Treaty of Versailles reduced the German army (the Reichswehr) to 100,000 men. Each episode is about a different character from Hitler`s Germany. [49] The corpses of Keitel and the other nine executed men were, like Hermann Göring's, cremated at Ostfriedhof (Munich) and the ashes were scattered in the river Isar. The result was that nothing changed, and the Committee declined into irrelevance. As a commoner, he did not join the cavalry, but a field artillery regiment in Wolfenbüttel, serving as adjutant from 1908. Dieser wies ihn an, generalstabsmäßige Vorbereitungen für eine Auseinandersetzung mit der Tschechoslowakei einzuleiten: Fall Grün [19] . It also noted several instances where he issued illegal orders on his own authority. [23] After Germany defeated France in the Battle of France in six weeks, Keitel described Hitler as “the greatest warlord of all time”. Keitel's behavior earned him … Ever the yes-man, Keitel publicly supported Hitler, even when, as with the invasions of France and the Soviet Union, he housed private reservations. EXPRESS zeichnet seine Geschichte nach. Three years later, he returned to field command. 1 In Downfall 2 In Downfall Parodies 3 Transcript 4 Trivia 5 Gallery Hitler is looking through a magnifying glass at a map showing Bucharest. [38], In December 1941, Hitler instructed the OKW to subject, with the exception of Denmark, Western Europe (which was under military occupation) to the Night and Fog Decree. Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel served as commander of all German armed forces during World War II. [7], In 1935, at the recommendation of General Werner von Fritsch, Keitel was promoted to the rank of major general and appointed chief of the Reich Ministry of War's Armed Forces Office (Wehrmachtsamt), which oversaw the army, navy, and air force. After the invasion of Poland, he had received a “bonus” of 100,000 Reichsmarks for his loyalty. The participants did not object to the invasion. [16], The planning for Operation Barbarossa, the 1941 invasion of the Soviet Union, was begun tentatively by Halder with the redeployment of the 18th Army into an offensive position against the Soviet Union. After Hitler took command of the Wehrmacht in 1938, he replaced the ministry with the OKW, with Keitel as its chief. [44] His defence relied almost entirely on the argument he was merely following orders in conformity to "the leader principle" (Führerprinzip) and his personal oath of loyalty to Hitler. Volker Ullrich schreibt über das Thema „[super_title]“. Wie schon bei „Hitlers Helfer“ muss man das Buch als groben Einblick verstehen, um sich einmal ein oberflächliches Bild über die führenden Generäle des Zweiten Weltkriegs zu machen. Keitel issued a number of infamous directives, including the Commissar Order, which authorized the extra-legal murder of Soviet commissars on sight, and the Night and Fog Decree, which stipulated that resistance members and saboteurs arrested in western Europe be brought to Germany for trial by special courts. This is a list of Hitler’s top 10 henchmen, who they were and a brief explanation of their roles. ORF - zeit.geschichte 10.3.2018Hitlers Helfer: Ruldof Heß - der Stellvertreter "Preußische Feldmarschälle meutern nicht!" [51] Many of the executed Nazis fell from the gallows with insufficient force to snap their necks, resulting in convulsions that in Keitel's case lasted 24 minutes. Playing a vital role in the German re-armament, he traveled at least once to the Soviet Union to inspect secret Reichswehr training camps. Find topics of interest and explore encyclopedia content related to those topics, Find articles, photos, maps, films, and more listed alphabetically, Recommended resources and topics if you have limited time to teach about the Holocaust, Explore the ID Cards to learn more about personal experiences during the Holocaust. In its judgment against him, the IMT wrote, "Superior orders, even to a soldier, cannot be considered in mitigation where crimes as shocking and extensive have been committed consciously, ruthlessly and without military excuse or justification." More than two million German soldiers went to their death for the Fatherland before me. Keitel was born in the village of Helmscherode near Gandersheim in the Duchy of Brunswick, Germany. Anzeige He was seriously wounded in Flanders in 1914. [11] Upon reviewing this information, Keitel suggested that the dossier be forwarded to Hitler's deputy, Hermann Göring, who used it to bring about Blomberg's resignation. [8][9] After assuming office, Keitel was promoted to lieutenant general on 1 January 1936. [3], During World War I, Keitel served on the Western Front and took part in the fighting in Flanders, where he was severely wounded. This time around, Hitler is not the main-character, but important people in The Third Reich, which mostly were officers in the German Wehrmacht. Keitel rebuffed them, writing: "These doubts correspond to military ideas about wars of chivalry. Hitler snapped his fingers and exclaimed "That’s exactly the man I’m looking for". [1] On 18 April 1909, Keitel married Lisa Fontaine, a wealthy landowner's daughter at Wülfel near Hanover. The OKW further imposed a blackout on any information concerning the fate of the accused. Keitel formally endorsed the state of affairs in September, reiterating for the armed forces that "evacuation of the Jews must be carried out thoroughly and its consequences endured, despite any trouble it may cause over the next three or four months". Die Reihe "Hitlers Helfer" dokumentiert in eindrucksvoller Weise das Leben und den Werdegang der engsten Vertrauten des Diktators. [14] When after von Blomberg was asked by Hitler (out of respect for him, after his dismissal in 1938) who he would recommend to replace him he had not suggested anyone, and suggested that Hitler himself should take over the job. Wilhelm Keitel, the son of a landowner, was born in Helmscherode on 22nd September 1882. These included the infamous “Criminal Orders:”. Joseph Stalin considered this an affront, so a second signing was arranged at the Berlin suburb of Karlshorst 8 May. "[36] In September 1941, concerned that some field commanders on the Eastern Front did not exhibit sufficient harshness in implementing the May 1941 order on the "Guidelines for the Conduct of the Troops in Russia", Keitel issued a new order, writing: "[The] struggle against Bolshevism demands ruthless and energetic action especially also against the Jews, the main carriers of Bolshevism". In diesem Buch hat sich KNOPP mit Rommel, Keitel, Manstein, Paulus, Udet und Canaris auseinandergesetzt. [43], In his statement before the Tribunal, Keitel said: "As these atrocities developed, one from the other, step by step, and without any foreknowledge of the consequences, destiny took its tragic course, with its fateful consequences. Weltkriegs ließ sich sein Adjutant Otto Günsche im Rheinland nieder. Keitel also signed the infamous “Night and Fog Decree,” resulting in the murder of thousands of resistance fighters, and the Commando Order which ordered the extra-legal killing of Allied special operations troops, even when these were captured in uniform. [28], In January 1943, just before the final surrender at Stalingrad, Hitler agreed to the creation of a three-man committee with representatives of the State, the Armed Forces High Command, and the Party in an attempt to centralize control of the war economy and over the home front. [32] The criminal nature of the invasion was now obvious; local commanders continued to express shock and protest over the events they were witnessing. While a stronger personality might have challenged Hitler, Keitel was fiercely loyal and became little more than a conduit for Hitler's policies. He had been promoted because of his willingness to function as Hitler's mouthpiece. Frühe Gefolgsleute und Förderer Hitlers. Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. This time around, Hitler is not the main-character, but important people in The Third Reich, which mostly were officers in the German Wehrmacht. In diesem Buch hat sich KNOPP mit Rommel, Keitel, Manstein, Paulus, Udet und Canaris auseinandergesetzt. Railton, Nicholas M. “Henry Gerecke and the Saints of Nuremberg.” Kirchliche Zeitgeschichte, vol. It was later re-edited as The Memoirs of Field-Marshal Keitel by Walter Görlitz .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}ISBN 978-0-8154-1072-0. May Christ, my saviour, stand by me all the way. However, there were insufficient German forces to carry out such counterattacks. Zum Beispiel das erste ausführliche Vier-Augen-Gespräch zwischen Keitel und Hitler seit dem „Klimasturz“, geführt in Winniza am 18. In diesem Buch hat sich KNOPP mit Rommel, Keitel, Manstein, Paulus, Udet und Canaris auseinandergesetzt. In this capacity, he was responsible for secretly planning, reorganizing, and eventually enlarging the German army in violation of the Treaty of Versailles. We would like to thank Crown Family Philanthropies and the Abe and Ida Cooper Foundation for supporting the ongoing work to create content and resources for the Holocaust Encyclopedia. The orders were signed by Keitel; however, other members of the OKW and the OKH, including Halder, wrote or changed the wording of his orders. Although the tribunal's charter allowed "superior orders" to be considered a mitigating factor, it found Keitel's crimes were so egregious that "there is nothing in mitigation". While a stronger personality might have challenged Hitler, Keitel was fiercely loyal and became little more than a conduit for Hitler's policies. Franz Halder, however, told him: "Don't worry, it's only Keitel". Keitel's rise to the Wehrmacht high command began with his appointment as the head of the Armed Forces Office at the Reich Ministry of War in 1935. Wilhelm Bodewin Johann Gustav Keitel (German pronunciation: [ˈkaɪ̯tl̩]; 22 September 1882 – 16 October 1946) was a German field marshal and war criminal who held office as Chief of the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW) – the high command of Nazi Germany's Armed Forces– during World War II. He was fully subservient to Hitler and allowed the latter to control all military strategy. Die Anweisungen zur Ausrottung der polnischen Eliten trug er widerspruchslos mit und verteidigte sie gegenüber Kritikern. Wie schon bei „Hitlers Helfer“ muss man das Buch als groben Einblick verstehen, um sich einmal ein oberflächliches Bild über die führenden Generäle des Zweiten Weltkriegs zu machen. "[50] The trap door was small, causing head injuries to Keitel and several other condemned men as they dropped. Heinrich Himmler was captured by the British Army. More than 2 million German soldiers went to their death for the fatherland before me. [20], Keitel was predisposed to manipulation because of his limited intellect and nervous disposition; Hitler valued his hard work and obedience. [32], Keitel issued a series of criminal orders from April 1941. So on 4 February 1938 when Hitler became Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, Keitel (to the astonishment of the General Staff, including himself) became Chief of Staff. I follow now my sons—all for Germany.”. [52], German chief of the Wehrmacht high command and war criminal, Role in crimes of the Wehrmacht and the Holocaust. In 1901, he joined the Prussian army as an artillery officer. He was also complicit in the use of civilian forced labor. After the war, Keitel was indicted by the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg as one of the "major war criminals". [33] Keitel continued to ignore the protests among the officer corps while they became morally numbed to the atrocities. [22], On 30 August 1939, immediately prior to the outbreak of the Second World War, Keitel was appointed by Hitler to the six-person Council of Ministers for Defense of the Reich which was set up to operate as a "war cabinet".